7 Canadian Immigration Programs You Need to Know About



Immigration is a big decision, if you start it right then you’re already on the right track. Deciding to come to Canada will take you on a long journey that would have its ups and downs but if you are determined to work smart and put in sincere efforts once you get there, you will be a successful immigrant in your new home -Canada. Novus immigration has helped hundreds of families successfully migrate to Canada.

There are two main pathways to Canada. One way is to obtain a permanent resident visa and the other way is to obtain a temporary work permit.

1. Federal Skilled Worker

To be eligible under the Federal Skilled Workers program, you will need to have at least 67 points out of 100. Do not calculate your CRS points before getting at least 67 points needed to apply.

If you haven't done your ECA, and/or passed your IELTS (language test), you can try and guess your points. You cannot enter into the pool without IELTS and ECA in hand.

Six selection factors

A candidate must score 67 points or higher out of 100 points. The criteria are:

1. Language skills - 28 points

  • • Canada uses both English (24) and French (4) as official languages, and you may receive credit for proficiency in either one or both.
  • • Marks are awarded separately for abilities to listen, speak, read, and write each official language.
  • 2. Education - 25 points

  • • Ranges from 5 points for completing high school to 25 points for completing a master's or Ph.D.
  • • The system also gives credit for trade certificates or apprenticeship programs.
  • • The system also gives credit for trade certificates or apprenticeship programs.

    3. Work experience - 15 points

    Full points for six or more years of experience at an appropriate level.
  • 4. Age - 12 points

  • • Full points for age between the ages of 18-35
  • 5. Arranged employment – 10

  • • If you hold a permanent job offer from a Canadian employer or are applying from within Canada and hold a temporary work permit, you may receive credit for your Canadian employment

    6. Adaptability - 10 points

  • • This category brings in several factors related to an applicant's ability to adapt to living in Canada, including previous experience working or studying in Canada or having family in Canada.

2. Canadian Experience Class

The Canadian Experience Class is for skilled workers who have Canadian work experience and want to become permanent residents. However, to qualify for the CEC, you must :

  • • Have, within the past three years, minimum one year of NOC Skill Type/Level O,A or B work experience in Canada full time (30h/week or an equivalent amount part time, at least 15/week)
  • • Have legally gained your job experience in Canada
  • • Have a minimum of:

    CLB 7 for Skill Type/Level O or A

    CLB 5 for Skill Type/Level B

You do not need minimum education level for CEC. If you have a degree, diploma or certificate you can earn extra points. You will have to request an ECA if your diploma is not from Canada.

3. Federal Skilled Trades Program

The Federal Skilled Trades Program is for skilled workers who want to become permanent residents based on being qualified in a skilled trade.

To be eligible, you must

  • • Have at least have CLB 5 in Listening and Speaking , CLB 4 in Reading & Writing
  • • Have at least 2 years of full-time work experience (or an equal amount of part-time work experience) in a skilled trade within the 5 years before you apply
  • • Meet the job requirements for that skilled trade as set out in the National Occupational Classification, except for needing a certificate of qualification
  • • Have avalid job offer of full-time employment for a total period of at least 1 year orcertificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial, territorial or federal authority

4. Provincial Nominee Program

Under Canada’s Constitution, the power to select immigrants is shared between the federal government and the provincial/territorial governments. Canada’s Express Entry application management system facilitates economic immigration for both levels of government.

PNPs vary significantly in terms of requirements, availability, and application process. They are linked to the individual needs of the participating province or territory.

A provincial nomination is the single most valuable factor within Express Entry’s Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). It results in an Express Entry candidate receiving an additional 600 points towards their overall score—effectively guaranteeing them an invitation to apply for permanent residency.

No Job Offer? No Problem.

With more than 70 unique PNP streams across the provinces, we can fit them into three broad categories: first-come first-served, Expression of Interest, and passive.

Passive

Passive streams allow a province to search the Express Entry pool for candidates who match specific eligibility requirements and invite them to apply for provincial nomination.

Ontario has three examples of passive streams:

  • • Human Capital Priorities Stream - Express Entry aligned
  • • Skilled Trades Stream
  • • French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream

Active—First-Come, First-Served

  • • Express Entry candidates can apply to an active first-come, first-served stream.
  • • Do not consider a candidate’s CRS score among their eligibility requirements
  • • Open to candidates with no ties to Canada (such as a relative , job offer, or previous Canadian work or study)

Two popular examples of these streams are:

  • • Saskatchewan’s International Skilled Worker—Express Entry subcategory
  • • Category B of Nova Scotia’s Demand: Express Entry Stream

These two programs operate on a first-come, first-served basis. They open periodically to a set number of applicants, and they usually meet their intake quota within hours. Although a job offer may not be required, these streams do require specific work experience.

Active—Expression of Interest

Express Entry candidates who want to be considered for “active” streams can submit what’s called an “Expression of Interest.”

Express Entry-linked PNPs that don’t require a job offer, but do require an Expression of Interest, exist in:

  • • Manitoba
  • • New Brunswick
  • • Prince Edward Island

The following provinces currently participate in the Provincial Nomination Program:

  • • Alberta
  • • British Columbia
  • • Manitoba
  • • New Brunswick
  • • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • • Nova Scotia
  • • Ontario
  • • Prince Edward Island
  • • Saskatchewan
  • • Yukon

5. Family Sponsorship

Your relatives can live, study and work in Canada if they become permanent residents of Canada. You can sponsor certain relatives to come to Canada if :

  • • you’re at least 18 years old
  • • you’re a Canadian citizen or person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act or permanent resident of Canada
  • • you’re able to prove that you’re not receiving social assistance for reasons other than a disability
  • • you can provide for the basic needs of any persons you want to sponsor

As a general rule, the sponsor must also be physically residing in Canada in order to sponsor. An exception is made for Canadian citizens who wish to sponsor a spouse, common-law partner or children if the sponsor can demonstrate an intention to reside in Canada by the time the sponsored relative lands in Canada.

Family members eligible for sponsorship are:

  • • Spouses or common-law partners.
  • • Parents or grandparents.
  • • Dependent children (must be under 22 years of age unless substantially dependent for financial support because they are a full-time student, or because of disability).
  • • Children under 18 whom you plan to adopt Orphaned brothers, sisters, nieces and nephews who are under 18 and unmarried.
  • • A relative of any age if you do not have any of the family members listed above.

6. Business Immigration:

a. Self-employed person : The Self-employed Persons Program allows people to immigrate to Canada permanently as a self-employed person. If you’re interested in this program, you must:

  • • have relevant experience in cultural activities or athletics and
  • • be willing and able to make a significant contribution to the cultural or athletic life of Canada
  • • Meet the program’s selection criteria
  • • Meet medical, security and other conditions

Relevant experience for a self-employed person means at least two years of experience.

Selection criteria

We assess you on selection criteria that include your:

  • • Experience - 35
  • • Education - 25
  • • Age - 10
  • • language abilities - 24
  • • adaptability - 6

You will need to have at least 35 points out of 100.

b. Start-up Visa Program

Canada’s Start-up Visa Program helps immigrant entrepreneurs to establish businesses in Canada by allowing foreign business owners and their families to apply for permanent resident status. While waiting for their permanent residence, foreign entrepreneurs who have applied to the Start-up Visa Program are eligible for a temporary work permit, allowing them to travel to Canada to launch their business.

- Start-up Visa for Foreign Entrepreneurs (Immigrants Entrepreneurs)

To be eligible for the Start-up Visa Program, you must:

  • • have a qualifying business
  • • get a letter of support from a designated organization
  • • meet the language requirements
  • • bring enough money to settle

- Start-up Visa for Canadian investors (Business groups in Canada)

Get the designation

To become designated, an organization must be a member of and be recommended by one of IRCC’s partner industry organizations:

Canadian Venture Capital & Private Equity Association (CVCA): Makes recommendations for venture capital fundsNational Angel Capital

Organization (NACO): Makes recommendations for angel investor groups and business incubators

Once an organization is designated, it will appear on IRCC’s list of designated employers.

To support an immigrant entrepreneur, the following investment is required:

Angel Investors: Minimum investment of CAD $75,000

Venture Capital Funds: Minimum investment of CAD $200,000

Business Incubators: No financial investment required, but the immigrant entrepreneur must be accepted into the business incubator program.

7. Temporary Foreign Worker Program

The Temporary Foreign Worker Program ( TFWP ) allows Canadian employers to hire foreign nationals to fill temporary labour and skill shortages when qualified Canadian citizens or permanent residents are not available.

The applicant must fulfil basic eligibility requirements including intention to return upon expiry of the work permit, adequate financial resources to take care of self and family members till, and including, departure from Canada, good health, a clean criminal record, etc.

If the Canadian job is not exempt from requiring a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), then the employer offering the job to the applicant must apply for and obtain a positive LMIA from Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC).

The employer must issue a valid job offer with detailed information about the position along with the positive LMIA to the applicant. The applicant must submit the above-mentioned documents along with the work permit application and requisite fee.

Spouse and dependent children can either accompany or subsequently join the work permit holder in Canada. Such family members can qualify for an open work permit or study permit provided they fulfil other applicable conditions.

Between all the immigration and employment opportunities to consider, the process can become quite overwhelming and confusing. Our experienced team of legal experts and consultants are here to help you. With our passion, in-depth knowledge of the system and amazing success stories, we give you nothing but the best service. For further information please contact us here. Complete our application form to receive your eligibility assessment today!